THE VAMPIRE ORCHID - Catasetum macrocarpum

Catasetum macrocarpum 


The broodingly sinister Vampire orchid - Catasetum macrocarpum is a large tropical epiphyte native to the Caribbean and South America. An epiphyte is a plant that grows non-parasitically upon another plant and receives its moisture and nutrients from the air, rain, and the natural debris that accumulating around it.

The vampire orchids range of distribution extends from Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Brazil, Argentina as well as Trinidad, and can be found growing on trees from sea-level up to 1300 meters elevation. It also has the common names of Monk's Head Orchid or Large-Fruited Catasetum

The fragrant blooms appear in the late summer and autumn on a flowering spike that rises from the pseudobulb at the base of the plant. These flower spikes appear just before leaf-drop and can be up to 1 1/2 feet long. Up to 10, fleshy flowers are produced on each spike, and produce a fragrance similar to anise. The flowers tend not open well outside of their natural environment.

The male flowers pollen sacs, known as a pollina, is triggered by a pollinating bee which touching the spur inside the hood as it enters the flower trying to reach its nectar.

This triggers the pollina with attaches itself to the bee with an assertive push. There is a sticky gel known as viscidum at the bottom of the stipe (a stalk-like attachment on the pollina) which glues the pollina in place on the bees back.

When the bee enters a female flower the pollinia fits into it like a key in the lock and ensures pollination.

You can grow the vampire orchid in intermediate to warm conditions with partially bright light.

Plants are usually grown in pots containing bark chips with perlite, cork, or just sphagnum moss. Just make sure that they have excellent drainage.

They will need to be watered regularly during the growing season, but one the plant begins to drop its leaves in the autumn watering will need to be reduced.

During this period of dormancy you will only need to water once every couple of weeks to keep pseudobulbs from drying out. You can resume normal watering once new growths emerges in spring. Be aware that the vampire orchids can easily die from overwatering.

For related article click onto the following links:
How to Grow Monkey face Orchids from Seed - A Warning!
HOW TO GROW THE HYACINTH ORCHID - Bletilla striata
HOW TO FEED ORCHIDS
HOW TO REPOT AN ORCHID
HOW TO WATER ORCHIDS
MONKEY FACE ORCHIDS
Naked Man Orchid - Orchis italica
SCHOMBURGKIA EXALTATA
The Angel orchid - Habenaria Grandifloriformis
THE BEE ORCHIDS
THE BUTTERFLY ORCHID - Psychopsis papilio
THE FLYING DUCK ORCHID
THE HAPPY ALIEN PLANT - Calceolaria uniflora
THE MOTH ORCHID - Phalaenopsis species and cultivars
THE PARROT FLOWER - Impatiens psittacina
THE PIG FACE FRUIT - Solanum mammosum
THE SILVER VASE PLANT - Aechmea fasciata
THE VAMPIRE ORCHID - Catasetum macrocarpum
THE WHITE EGRET FLOWER - Habenaria radiata
THE WHITE EGRET FLOWER - Pecteilis radiata
WHAT IS AN EPIPHYTE?
WHAT IS AN ORCHID?

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