Back in the olden days, the rules behind pruning roses were kept very simple - at least they were for bush/shrubby roses. The only time you would dare approach a rose in anger was...

'...in the third week, of the third month, to the third outward facing bud...'

We stuck by this rule and everything was fine. Nowadays there are so many differing groups of roses that these once hallowed rules are starting to erode. However, this is basically what we follow today.

When to prune shrub roses?

•Prune shrub roses during mid-spring. First remove dead, diseased and dying branches, then thin out if overcrowded - remove any crossing branches and cut a few older stems to the base.
•Reduce all the healthy main stems by about a quarter.
•Unless you want to keep the hips, deadhead flowers as they fade in summer.
•Roses in this group include - R.Macmillan Nurse, R.Graham Thomas and Rosa rugosa 'Alba'.

When to prune bush roses? - this includes, hybrid tea, floribunda and patio roses

•Prune bush roses during mid-spring. First remove dead, diseased and dying branches. Prune most by about half, cutting to within 3in of the previous year's growth.
•Miniature roses only need pruning to maintain an attractive shape and if you want a larger floribunda, prune less severely.
•Roses in this group include - Rosa Iceberg, R.'Princess of Wales', R.Ingrid Bergman and R.Peace.

When to prune climbing roses?

•Prune climbing roses in the autumn after the flowers start to fade. First remove dead, diseased or dying branches.
•Tie in any new shoots and remove any really old branches if the plant is heavily congested - this will stimulate new growth.
•Prune side branches growing from the main framework, cutting them back to leave two to three leaf buds.
•Roses in this group include - R.Handel, R.'New Dawn' and R.filipes 'Kiftsgate'.

When to prune rambling roses?

•Prune in late summer.
•Cut back any side branches that have flowered, leaving two to three leaf buds per shoot.
•If the plant has not been pruned for some time, select a few old woody branches and cut to the base, new shoots will soon grow and can be tied in to the framework.
•Roses in this group include include – R.'Albertine', R.'Félicité Perpétue' and R.'The Garland'.

When to prune ground cover roses?

•Prune ground cover roses in the spring.
•Remove dead, diseased or dying branches, and lightly prune to keep within bounds.
•Reduce congestion on old plants by removing some of the thick branches to stimulate new growth.
•Ground cover roses include - the county series, the 'Magic Carpet' range and R.Pink Bells.

Of course, if you are not sure what you have go back to the rule of thirds - unless it is looks like some sort of climber then prune back immediately after flowering. Good luck!

For related articles click onto:
How to Harden Off Seedlings
How to Improve Drainage in Lawns
How to Make Compost
How to Make John Innes Compost
How to Make Liquid Fertilizer from Comfrey
Hardy Exotic Plants for that Tropical Garden Effect
Hellebores and Hand Pollination
How and Why does Over-watering Kill Plants?
How Can You Improve Clay Soils?
How to Build a Compost Heap Pile
How to Build a Dry Stone Wall
How to Choose Plants for Hot, Dry Sunny Borders
How to Cure and Store Pumpkins
How to Grow Roses from Cuttings
How to Grow Roses from Seed
How to Grow Tomatoes - Growbags or Soil?
How to Make a Leaf Mould Compost
How to Make an Asparagus Bed
How to Make and Prepare an Asparagus Bed
How to Make your Own Organic Pyrethrum Insecticide
How to Propagate Roses by Layering
How to Prune Raspberries
How to Prune Roses
How to Prune Roses
How to prune Shrub Roses
How to Recognise Vine Weevil Damage on Plants
How to Repot an Orchid
How to Save and Recover an Over-watered Plant
How to Tell when Pumpkins are Ready to Harvest
How to take Cuttings from Roses
How to use Crop Rotation on an Allotment
Nectar Rich American Wild flowers for Attracting Native Bumble Bees
Osmanthus yunnanensis
Plants for Autumn Colour
Plants for Dry Shade
Public Bench Misdemeanours
Rose 'Purple Tiger'
Salad Crops for Late Summer/Autumn Planting
The Black Rose
The Hardy Begonia - Begonia grandis
The 'Native Trees' of England
The Plight of English Woodlands
The Worlds Best Gardening Tips
What are Mycorrhizal Fungi?
What are Plant Macronutrients and Micronutrients?
What are Plant Nutrients?
What Causes Blue Hydrangeas to Turn Pink?
What Causes Moss in Lawns
What is Chlorosis?
What is Cork Made of?
What is E.Coli?
What is John Innes Base?
What is John Innes Compost?
What is a Leaf Mould Compost?
What is Lavender?
What is Lobelia?
What is a Truffle?
What is a Wormery?
What is an Epiphyte?
What is Frankincense?
What is an F1 Hybrid?
What is an Orchid?
What is Over-watering and How to Recognise it?
What is Pricking out?
What is Rhubarb Poisoning?
What is the Biggest Flower in the World?
What is the Difference between a Rambling Rose and a Climbing Rose?
What is a Rainbow Rose?
When and how should you prune back Lavender?

No comments: