WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AFRICAN AND INDIAN ELEPHANTS?
CLICK HERE FOR THE NEW 'GARDEN OF EADEN’ WEBSITE AND SEED SHOP
Elephants are truly one of the worlds greatest animals. Majestic, incredibly powerful, they already hold the title for the largest, living land animal.
However, you may be surprised to hear that there are more than just one species of elephant. In fact there are four! The African bush elephant, the African forest elephant, the Asian elephant - also known as the Indian elephant - and thanks to DNA testing, the Borneo pygmy elephant. All other species and genera of Elephantidae are now long extinct since the last ice age although some dwarf forms of mammoth are believed to have survived as late as 2,000 BC.
Be that is it may, the two most widely known species of elephant are the Asian and African elephants, but just what are the differences between them?
There are many differences between Asian and African elephants, some like the size of the ears are widely known. Both species of elephant are members of the same taxonomical family, elephantidae but are each from a different genus:
Elephas maximus - Asian elephants, and Loxadonta africana - African elephants. These two are further divided into different subspecies.
The African elephant is significantly larger with adult bulls growing up to 4m in height tall whereas the biggest Asian males reach no more than 3.5m.
Adult African elephants weigh between 4,000-7,500 kg. Asian elephants are less at 3000-6,000 kg.
African elephants have a fuller more rounded head. The top of the head is a single dome whereas Asian elephants have a twin domed head with an indent in the middle. The lower lips of the two species also differ being long and tapered in Asian elephants and short and round in African elephants.
Size of the Ears
It is said that you can tell where an elephant comes from by looking at the size of his ears. African ears are like a map of Africa and Asian ears smaller like a map of India. African ears are much bigger and reach up and over the neck. The ears of an Asian elephant are much smaller and do not reach up and over the neck..
The skin of an African elephant is much more wrinkled
In general African elephants have more ribs than the Asian though the number of ribs can varys in individual animals. African elephants have up to 21 pairs while Asian elephants can have up to 20.
All African elephants, male and female have tusks, whereas only some male Asian elephants have tusks. Africans generally have the bigger tusks. About 50% of female Asian elephants and a small percentage of males have small tusk like teeth known as tushes.
The lamella profile along the top of the molar teeth of the two species is different with the ridges on Asian’s teeth being more tightly compressed.
The African elephant’s trunk is visibly more heavily ringed and is not as hard as the Asian trunk.
The trunk tip is a major difference between the species. The African trunk has two distinct fingers which it uses to pick up and manipulate objects. The Asian elephant has only one ‘finger’. The Asian compensates for this by holding objects against the underside of the trunk and appears not to suffer from any lack of maneuverability.
Toenails in the two different species of African elephants vary. As they do between the African and Asian elephants.
The African forest elephant has 5 nails on front feet and 4 on the back while the African bush elephant has 4 nails on front feet and 3 on the back. The Asian elephant has 5 nails on front feet, 4 on the back and on the very rare occation 5!
Although both species of elephant eat a wide variety of plant matter, in general term the Asian elephant’s diet is made up of a greater proportion of grass while the African elephants diet is made up of a greater proportion of leaves.
For related articles click onto:
All about Dolphins
Can Dolphins Kill Sharks?
Can Flying Fish really Fly?
Cheetah Facts, Videos and Photographs
Do Fish Sleep?
How Big is the Blue Whale?
How do you Clone a Mammoth?
How Fast is a Snail?
How Long can a Flying Fish Fly for?
Kung Fu Panda
LIVING DINOSAURS - The Coelacanth
Polar Bear Facts
Rango Facts and Movie Videos
Snow Leopard facts
Saved from Extinction - The Mammoth?
The African Elephant
The Coelacanth - a living, breathing fossil
The Differences Between Crocodiles and Alligators
The Indian Rhino
The Snow Leopard
What are Mycorrhizal Fungi?
What are Plant Macronutrients and Micronutrients?
What are Plant Nutrients?
What are Truffles?
What Causes Blue Hydrangeas to Turn Pink?
What Causes Moss in Lawns
How do Dolphins Breath when they Sleep?
What do Cuckoos Eat?
What do Hedgehogs Eat?
What do Dolphins Eat?
What do Dolphins do?
What do Elephants Eat?
What do Gorillas eat?
What do Killer Whales Eat?
What do Pandas Eat?
What is a Cheetah?
What is a Panda?
What is a Snow Leopard?
What are Whales?
What is Chlorosis?
What is an Elephant?
What is Frankincense?
What is John Innes Base?
What is John Innes Compost?
What is a Leaf Mould Compost?
What is Cork Made of?
What is E.Coli?
What is a Truffle?
What is a Wormery?
What is an Epiphyte?
What is an F1 Hybrid?
What is an Orchid?
What is Over-watering and How to Recognise it?
What is Pricking out?
What is Rhubarb Poisoning?
What is Seed Dormancy?
What is the Difference Between Alligators and Crocodiles?
What is the Difference between Alligators and Crocodiles?
What is the Difference Between a Chicken and a Hen?
What is the Difference between Energy Efficient Bulbs and Regular ones?
What is the Difference Between Fruit and Vegetables
What is the Difference between a Fruit and a Vegetable?
What is the Difference between a Frog and a Toad?
What is the Difference between Currants, Raisins and Sultanas?
What is the Difference Between a Plant Cell and an Animal Cell?
What is the Difference between a Millipede and a Centipede?
What is the Difference between a Moth and a Butterfly?
What is the Difference between Netflix and Lovefilm?
What is the Difference between a Rat and a Mouse?
What is the Difference between a Rambling Rose and a Climbing Rose?
What is the Difference between a Squash, a Pumpkin and a Gourd?
What is the Difference Between a Tortoise and a Turtle?
What is the Biggest Flower in the World?
What is E.Coli?
What is Saffron?
What is the World's Biggest Cat?
What is the Worlds Biggest Shark?
What is the Worlds Fastest Animal?
What is the Worlds Largest Amphibian?
What is the Worlds Largest Eagle?
What is the Worlds Largest Flower?
What is the Worlds Largest Insect?
What is the World's Largest Spider?
What is the Worlds Fastest Fish?
What is the Worlds most Poisonous Frog?
What is the World's most Poisonous Snake?
What is the most Poisonous Spider?
When should you Re-pot an Orchid?
Where do Alligators Live?
Where do Cheetahs Live?
Where do Elephants Live?
Where do Killer Whales Live?
Where do Pandas Live?
Where do Snow Leopards Live?
Why did the Mammoth become Extinct?
Why do Elephants have Big Ears?
Why do Giraffes have Long Necks?
Why do Onions make you Cry?
Why do Leaves Change their Colour in the Autumn Fall
Why do Trees drop their Leaves in Autumn Fall
Why is the Sea Salty?
Why is the Sky Blue?
World's Largest Insect
Based on an article by http://www.eleaid.com/index.php?page=differencesbetweenafricanandasianelephants
Photos care of http://www.ispyanimals.com/2011/05/strange-eye.html and http://fishintreee.blogspot.com/2010/07/elephant-peach.html and