NATIVE BRITISH POND PLANTS




Having a good range of native aquatic plants in your pond is essential for attracting a wide range of animal species. In extreme cases they can even kick start the local environment by creating a haven of insects that larger animals - such as birds, bats amphibians etc - can feed from.

NATIVE OXYGENATING PLANTS

In addition to help oxygenate the water, these submerged pond plants perform other valuable functions. Firstly, they keep down the level of water soluble nutrients by absorbing them directly from the water. This in turn helps to reduce algae levels by conditioning the water and secondly, they can provide a shady refuge for frogs, toads and their spawn. They also help to support microscopic aquatic species and provide food for water snails.

Water milfoil - Myriophyllum spicatum
Water starwort - Callitriche verna
Hair grass - Eleocharis acicularis

NATIVE MARGINAL PLANTS

This is the 'engine room' of your wildlife pond. Marginal plants provide shelter, protect smaller creatures from predators, and cast shade upon the ponds surface. This reducing extremes of water temperature during the summer and helps to reduce algal blooms. They control concentrations of harmful soluble minerals by absorbing them through their root system for use as nutrients. Their flowers attract many native insects varieties and their seeds are a valuable source of food for overwintering birds and animals.

Acorus calamus – Sweet Flag
Baldellia tremuloides – lesser water plantain
Butomus umbellatus – Pink flowering rush
Caltha palustris – Marsh marigold
Carex pendula – Weeping sedge
Ceratophyllum demersum – Hornwort
Cyperus longus – Sweet Galingale
Eriophorum vaginatum – Cotton grass
Eupatorium cannabinum – Hemp agrimony
Iris pseudacorus - Yellow flag iris
Menyanthes trifoliata- Bogbean
Mentha aquatica -Water mint
Ranunculus flammula – Lesser spearwort
Epilobium angustifolium – Rosebay Willowherb
Veronica beccabunga – brooklime
Lychnis flos-cuculi – Ragged robin
Typha angustifolia – Lesser reedmace (Bulrush)

NATIVE FLOATING LEAVED PLANTS

Floating pond plants help to protect aquatic invertebrates. They also give plenty of shade, once again helping to reduce extremes in summer water temperatures and controlling problematical algal blooms.

Potamogeton natans – Broad-leaved pondweed
Persicaria amphibia - Amphibious bistort,
Ranunculus fluitans – Water crowfoot
Frogbit - Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

For related articles click onto the following links:
HOW DO HIGH NITRITE LEVELS AFFECT FISH HEALTH?
HOW DO HIGH NITRATE LEVELS AFFECT FISH HEALTH?
HOW TO ATTRACT WILDLIFE INTO THE GARDEN WITH A POND
HOW TO GROW PAPYRUS - Cyperus papyrus
HOW TO MAINTAIN AND LOOK AFTER BIOLOGICAL SPONGE POND FILTERS
HOW TO MAINTAIN AND LOOK AFTER A HEALTHY POND
RHS Pond Plants
WHAT CAUSES POND WATER PROBLEMS AND HOW TO AVOID THEM
WHAT CAUSES POND WATER TO GO FROTHY?
WHAT IS A DRAGONFLY?
XANTHORHIZA SIMPLICISSIMA
.WHAT IS A DRAGONFLY?

No comments: