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The majority of low-growing shrub roses are Portland varieties and as such are repeat or continual flowering. Pruning is a very simple affair as will only need to prune them back to a third of their original size over the winter and dead-head over the summer as necessary.
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Rosa rugosa species and cultivars should only ever be lightly pruned whether they are being grown as a hedge or as individual specimens. For the first year though they will need to be pruned back hard to promote strong and bushy growth. Should they get out of hand in later years they will be able to tolerate an occasional 'harsh' pruning and will easily recover.
China roses and the older Hybrid Teas cultivars should be pruned in the same way that you would modern roses by removing twiggy, thin or dead wood, and cutting back the stronger shoots to about one-third of their length each year. This is to help encourage basel growth. Tea roses prefer to be pruned more sparingly. They will still need to be pruned to keep them in shape and to prevent them from developing too much old, unproductive wood, but avoid unnecessary pruning.
For related articles click onto the following links:
HISTORIC ROSES - 'Rosa Mundi'
HOW TO GET RID OF APHIDS ON ROSES
HOW TO GROW ROSES FROM CUTTINGS
HOW TO GROW ROSES FROM SEED
How to Propagate Roses by Layering
HOW TO PRUNE CAMELLIAS
HOW TO PRUNE FUCHSIAS
How to prune Shrub Roses
Rose 'Purple Tiger'
THE BLACK ROSE
WHEN DO YOU PRUNE FORSYTHIA
WHEN DO YOU PRUNE ROSES?