Hummingbirds may be among the smallest of all bird species, but they are also some of the best known. What they lack in size they make up for in heart, beauty and colouration which is why their popularity is so enduring They are known as hummingbirds because of the sound created by their beating wings. They achieve this by rapidly flapping their wings 12–80 times per second, at this speed hummingbirds are able to hover in mid-air.
Where do hummingbirds live?
|Andean hillstar hummingbird|
The greatest number of species are found in the humid tropical and subtropical forests of the northern Andes and adjacent foothills. However, the number of hummingbird species found in the Atlantic Forest, Central America or southern Mexico also far exceeds the number found in southern South America, the Caribbean islands, the United States and Canada.
|Ruby throated hummingbird|
Only the migratory Ruby-throated Hummingbird breeds in North America.
The Black-chinned Hummingbird, its close relative and another migrant, is the most widespread and common species in the western United States, while the Rufous Hummingbird is the most widespread species in eastern United States.
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