HOW TO GROW GRASS FROM SEED
If you want to grow a successful, quality lawn from seed then the first thing you will need to know is that it is ALL about the preparation! In fact the decisions you make before you even start to work on your new lawn can have a crucial effect on the end result.
PREPARING THE SITE
A lawn will grow best on well drained medium loam. If this sounds like your soil then your preparation can be minimal, but if the soil is clay or sandy, you'll need to do more work.
With heavy clay soils, you should add sharp sand, and any well-rotted organic compost as this will improve drainage under the lawn.
With sandy soils, you should just add well-rotted organic compost as this will help to improve moisture retention under the lawn.
The top soil will need to be prepared to give a fine, workable tilth to a depth of 4 to 5 inches. If you are adding organic matter, you should aim for a minimum depth of 6 inches. If the area of the lawn is fairly small, it can be prepared by hand using a spade. For larger areas it is well worth using a rotavator.
When starting to prepare the soil, it needs to be not too dry and not too wet. Start by digging or rotavating the whole area to the required depth, breaking down any large clumps of soil and remove any stones or rubbish you come across.
TIP. When digging, work backwards so you don't tread down the soil you've just broken up.
Rake over the area to level it while removing any vegetation, stones or rubbish which may appear. Now leave the area to settle for a week.
If a lot of weed or vegetation appear in the first week, consider using a non-residual herbicide to kill them off. Carefully follow the instructions and leave the soil for the recommended period before proceeding.
Rake over the area again and remove any more vegetation, stones or rubbish which may appear.
Tread down the entire area. Start in one corner, then walk slowly across the soil placing one foot in front of the other. When you reach the other end, turn around and repeat until the whole area has been trod down (if the area is large, you may need more than one person!). The first time you do this, you'll probably find some humps and dips, remove these by giving the surface a light racking and repeat the treading down.
SOWING THE GRASS SEED
Sow the lawn on a wind free day, but just before you start sowing, give the area one last rake over Divide the quantity of seeds into two, (it is better to sow two lighter sowings rather than one heavy one). If the area to be sown is large, you can divide the seeds further. This will reduce the chances of covering three quarters of the area and finding that all the seed has gone!
Sow one covering of seeds while walking in one direction, and the second sowing while walking at right-angles to the first covering.
Lightly rake the seed into the top of the soil, you won't cover all the seed but try to cover about half. Once finished the area should not be walked on so you may wish to cordon off the area until the new lawn is in place.
Grass seed should germinate within 7 to 21 days depending upon the weather. If a dry period occurs then you may wish to water during this germination stage, use a gentle watering technique (a garden sprinkler or hose with a fine spray attachment pointed skywards) to keep the top of the soil moist.
TIP. Too much water applied in the early days can float the individual seeds into concentrations.
When the grass is about 1 inch high, gently roll the area with a light garden roller. Alternatively, if you have a cylinder mower, set the blades as high as possible and use this instead. If you have just a small patch of lawn, you may be able to get away with treading the area in the same way as was done before the grass seed was sown.
Avoid mowing the grass until it is about 3 inches high. After this first cut, lightly mow the lawn with the cutter set to about 2 inches. If you are not using a cylinder mower, you will still need to lightly roll - or tread - the area after the lawn has been cut.
Further reduce the cutting height of your mower with each subsequent mowing - and still roll after each mowing - but don't cut lower than 1 inch during the first season.
NOTE. Keep playing children and pets off the lawn for the first season, the first year grass seedlings are plants and need time to become established.
For related articles click onto:
How to Control Weeds in the Lawn
How to get rid of Lawn Weeds
How to Get Rid of Moss in Lawns?
How to Grow Banana Trees from Seed
How to Grow a Lawn from Seed
How to Grow the Sago Palm from Seed
How to Grow Palm Trees from Seed
How to Improve Drainage in Lawns
How to Kill Moss in Lawns
How to Lay Turf
How to Prepare Ground for Turfing
How to Prepare a Lawn for Seeding
How to Turf a Lawn
What Causes Moss in Lawns?
Article based on the writings of http://www.gardeningdata.co.uk/
Photos care of http://www.thedailygreen.com/ and http://minnesotaraingardens.net/ and http://blog.mmenterprises.co.uk/ and http://cluedupdads.blogspot.com/ and http://www.easydigging.com/Tool/how_to_use.html